Orientation & Mobility

About the Programme

Living isn’t easy

with eyes closed

At Guide Dogs Singapore Ltd, we believe that people with vision loss are fully capable of living active and fulfilling lives. Our mission is thus to help blind and visually-impaired people to achieve their fullest potential within society. To support them, the Orientation & Mobility training we offer seeks to build their confidence to travel independently and safely.

The O&M training teaches blind and visually-impaired people to know where they are, where they want to go (orientation) and how to get there safely by themselves (mobility).  We provide this training to different levels of visual impairment and age groups.

The Process

The initial assessment

Consisting of an interview as well as an assessment of the patient’s medical history and visual acuity, GDS staff evaluate how mobile and independent the person already is. It will also involve sessions in which the staff assess how well the person functions in his/her environment. The O&M Instructor will then customise a training programme, taking into account the clients’ schedule, goals and routes they frequently travel.

Possible Interview Questions

Training and Lessons

O&M training teaches blind and visually impaired people to know where they are, where they want to go (orientation) and how to get there safely by themselves (mobility).

We provide this training to people of different levels of visual impairment and age groups. The O&M training is conducted by our qualified O&M instructors.

Clients who have undergone O&M training and attained their training goals often return with more challenging requests as they now possess greater confidence built from the previous goals achieved. In addition, they would be able to travel on more routes safely on their own and have increased independence.

Here’s what O&M trainees learn

Understanding of the environment

through the use of remaining vision and other sense such as smell, touch and hearing

Using the public transport

by understanding the bus/train orientation and how to ask for assistance

Mental Mapping

to identify travel paths and remember landmark

Safety in road crossing

through analysing and identifying the different types of crossing and traffic patterns

Using a mobility cane

to detect obstacles and learn body protection techniques for objects that are undetectable by the cane

Travelling around has gotten safer and easier for me after I learnt the cane, compared to when I was using my umbrella to get around in the past. I have also been able to go on walks around my neighbourhood more often, compared to just sitting at home when no one is free to take me out. Things have really changed for the better for me!

Mdm China

72, O&M Trainee

Applying for O&M

If you wish to find out more, please contact us.

If you or a someone you know are interested in O&M, download this application form and send it to us at or mail it to 20 Sin Ming Ln, #02-53, Singapore 573968


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